The following is the general theme of the prophets: "These are rebellious people...unwilling to listen to the Lord's instruction. ...In repentance and rest is your salvation, in quietness and trust is your strength, but you would have none of it... Yet the Lord longs to be gracious to you; he rises to show you compassion..." (Isaiah 30:9, 15 & 18). Ezekiel chapter 16 is an allegory of unfaithful Jerusalem. The covenant is broken in Jeremiah chapter 11. Ezekiel chapter 34 is a promise that God will gather his scattered flock to live with Him in peace and safety. "Many will be purified, made spotless and refined...those who are wise will understand." (Daniel 12:10). The covenant will be restored in Jeremiah 31:31+.
The prophetic books in the Old Testament where written for the most part during the reign of the kings in 2 Kings and 1&2 Chronicles. The prophets were pleading with the people to change their ways and said what would happen if they didn't change their ways. They also looked ahead and talked about a better time in the future.
The New Testament relies heavily on the words of the prophets. We will study the prophets in more detail as we study the New Testament, analyze the book of Revelation and look at a possible new era. Read the prophetic books now so you will be familiar with the material when we refer to it later.
It is believed that Samuel started a school for prophets (see 1 Samuel 19:20). Prophets continued in 2 Kings 2:3, 5 and 4:38. Some of the Prophets mentioned in the Bible, who didn't write prophetic books, are:
The prophets who wrote the largest books in the Old Testament are:
The prophets who wrote the smaller books are: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi.
Priests obtained their position based on hereditary. They were religious teachers, but instead of preaching against sin, they were often the most sinful! Prophets, on the other hand, received their call from God.