The Use of Numbers as Symbols in the Bible

1 - One God 

2 - Male and Female, bride and bridegroom, a couple

3 - The signature of God (such as: God the Father, Son & Holy Spirit)

4 - The signature of Nature, Creation (such as: North, South, East, West)

5 - The signature of God's mercy and grace. 

6 - The signature of imperfection, sin, disobedience.

7 = 3+4 - The signature of Totality.  Signed by God and Nature.  Used repeatedly in the book of Revelation. 

8 - Every male circumcised at 8 days of age (Genesis 17:12, Luke 2:21).

9 - Fruit of the spirit (love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self control--Galatians 5:22-23).

10 - Signature of Worldly Power.  Completeness.  10 fingers, 10 toes.

12 = 4x3 - The signature of God's People.   Nature multiplied by God.  Such as: the 12 tribes of Israel & 12 Apostles. 

20 - Age of responsibility.  Able to be counted as a member of the army (Numbers 1:45, 26:2).

30 - Age of maturity.  Jesus started ministry at 30 years of age (Luke 3:23).

40 - A generation.  40 years in the wilderness (Numbers 14:33-34).  Several of the judges and kings in the Old Testament reigned either 20 or 40 years, rained 40 days (Genesis 7:17 ), Jesus fasted 40 days (Matthew 4:2).

50 - Year of jubilee.  Leviticus 24:10

70 - Desolation to last 70 years (Jeremiah 29:10 and Daniel 9:3).

120 = 12x10 - God's people times worldly power.  The maximum life span of people (Genesis 6:3). 

144 = 12x12 - The signature of God's people in the heavens multiplied by God's people on earth.  All of God's people.

490 = 70x7 - Amount of time to bring in everlasting righteousness (Daniel 9:24).

666 - Total imperfection, sin, disobedience.  The mark of the beast (Revelation 13:18).

1000 = 10x10x10 (103 or 10 to the third power) - Worldly power raised by the power of God.  Highest power (completeness?).

144,000 = 144x1000 - All of God's people times all the powers in the universe.  Absolute completeness!  

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Note: A 1000 years to human kind is like a day to God (Psalm 90:4 & 2 Peter 3:8).  A time scale of 365,000 to 1.  Thus an hour to God is like 41.67 years to human kind.  And a half hour to God is like 20.83 years to human kind.